Nigeria’s power sector was only able to generate about 15.6 percent of the total projected national daily requirement of 28.880 megawatts, according to the Nigeria Electricity System Operator (NESO).
A trend analysis of data released by the system operator indicated that despite the various financial interventions by the federal government, mostly through the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) in the last seven years, only a paltry average of 4,500MW was actually generated every day.
To make matters worse, the TCN, which is fully owned by the federal government, is not able to wheel the entire generation to Nigerian homes, sometimes, due to dilapidated infrastructure.
The data released by NESO showed that the country needs approximately 28.880MW, but is barely able to push 5,000MW for use by homes and business concerns in the country.
In the weekly data released by the system operator, on July 14th, peak generation was a meagre 4722.7mw, lowest generation was 3442.5mw, which is a far cry from the almost 30,000 minimum power needed to electrify the country at every point.
The system operator put the nation’s peak demand forecast for that day at 28850mw, although grid generation installed capacity still remained at 13,014 and transmission wheeling capacity peaked at 8100MW.
According to the TCN, all-time peak ever attained in the country was 5801.6MW. It was same on July 15, when peak generation was only 4594.3MW, lowest power generated was 3419.8MW and highest voltage recorded stood at 351kv, according to the NESO data.
Similarly, on July 16, peak generation was 4042.4MW, while lowest generation was 2907MW, being one of the worst days during the week, the lowest voltage recorded was 300kv. It was 4598.6MW for peak generation on July 13, and 3310.5MW was its lowest generation.
Also, the data showed that on July 18th, peak generation was 4915.8MW, lowest generation was 3.413.3MW, while total generation capacity stood at 7652.6mw.
In the last seven years, the CBN was estimated to have pumped over N15 trillion into the sector, in over 23 instances through the Power and Aviation Intervention Fund (PAIF) worth roughly N300 billion, through the Nigerian Electricity Market Stabilisation Facility (NEMSF), valued at N213 billion and the N140 billion Solar Connection Intervention Facility (SCIF).
Added to that, the apex bank has spent over N600 billion to augment tariff shortfall, plus a recent N120 billion intervention designed for mass metering, which is currently being deployed in the country.
The World Bank recently projected that the federal government could be paying as much as N3.4 trillion by 2023 if the current shortfall persisted.
According to the bank, only 22 per cent of the poorest households has access to electricity, with Nigeria now having the largest number of ‘unelectrified’ people globally after overtaking the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
Not much has been heard concerning the deal signed between the government and Siemens last year, to overhaul the power sector, although the Special Adviser to the Minister of Power on Media and Communication, Aaron Artimas, assured Nigerians last week that the deal had not been called off.
NESO, a semi-autonomous arm under the Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN) is responsible for operating the transmission system in a safe and reliable manner.
The TCN network spreads to all parts of the country and across the border to several neighbouring countries. Nigeria is a net exporter of power.