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Nigeria breaches borrowing limit by 100 bsp in 2021, moves to cut down cost ~Finmin

Nigeria has exceeded its borrowing threshold of three percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 100 basis points, according to the country’s Minister of Finance, Zainab Ahmed, attributing this to the impact of the pandemic and decline revenue from oil exports.

Ahmed in an interview said the current debt incurred in the course of fiscal 2021 stood around four percent of the GDP, exceeding the threshold set by the government for borrowing in this year’s budget.

But the minister said the government is working hard to ensure that it bring down the level of borrowing.

“Our fiscal threshold was that we shouldn’t borrow more than three percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), now we are at about four percent of GDP and that’s a target that we are trying to work on and bring down,” she said.

On the revenue side, she stated that the target is to move revenue to GDP from the current eight percent to 15 percent, adding that the eight percent is low for the size of the Nigerian economy.

She disclosed that the government is planning to create jobs with massive new investment in public works and low-cost housing.

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Ahmed noted that the extra spending would be funded by increasing tax revenue and improving tax collection process.

Ahmed said inflation had continued to heighten, worsened by an inadequate supply of foreign exchange, adding that the problems have a lot of multiplier effects on the economy.

She stated that the fiscal space remains tight now, but the government is re-planning, cutting down non-essential expenditures and providing resources where they are most needed like in the health sector.

Ahmed described as disturbing a World Bank report, which put a large portion of Nigerians under the poverty line, saying it was caused largely by the COVID-19 pandemic and fall in oil prices.

She said the economic sustainability plan was targeting massive recruitment, health insurance, and a review of the poverty indices, to redress the setback COVID-19.

On the ease of doing business, against the backdrop of the federal government’s suspension of Twitter’s operations, she said it won’t affect Nigeria’s image, as no foreign body should be allowed to cause war in the country.

“You cannot shut out the president of a country and not expect consequences,” the minister added.
She described the suspension of Twitter as a well-thought-out decision, saying it shouldn’t affect the country’s image in the eyes of international investors.

She said the move was “not something that we take lightly,” and that the government had planned talks with the social media company over the issue.
The minister identified accessing available doses as the biggest challenge facing the country’s COVID-19 vaccination programme.

Nigeria has so far only received four million of the 43 million vaccines it was promised by the Covax programme, according to the minister, who said the government expected to vaccinate 70 per cent of its population by next year.

The country’s economy went into recession in 2020, largely due to a drop in oil prices, but Ahmed hoped for a strong upsurge in growth by the end of the year.

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