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HomeWorldKeir Starmer wins as Labour Party triumphs in UK general election, Sunak...

Keir Starmer wins as Labour Party triumphs in UK general election, Sunak out

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Keir Starmer vowed to bring change to Britain as its next prime minister after his Labour Party surged to a comprehensive win in a parliamentary election on Friday, ending 14 years of often tumultuous Conservative government.

The centre-left Labour is set to win a massive majority in the 650-seat parliament, with Rishi Sunak’s Conservatives poised to suffer the worst performance in the party’s long history. Voters punished them for a cost of living crisis, failing public services, and a series of scandals.

“Change begins now,” Starmer declared in his victory speech. “We said we would end the chaos, and we will. We said we would turn the page, and we have. Today, we start the next chapter, begin the work of change, the mission of national renewal, and start to rebuild our country.”

Sunak conceded defeat earlier, stating he had called Starmer to congratulate him on his victory. “Today, power will change hands in a peaceful and orderly manner, with goodwill on all sides,” Sunak said after regaining his seat.

“There is much to learn and reflect on, and I take responsibility for the loss to the many good, hardworking Conservative candidates… I am sorry.”

Challenges Ahead for Starmer

Despite his convincing victory, polls suggest there is little enthusiasm for Starmer or his party. He takes power at a time when the country faces daunting challenges.

Britain’s tax burden is set to hit its highest level since just after World War II, net debt is almost equivalent to annual economic output, living standards have fallen, and public services are creaking, especially the National Health Service, which strikes have dogged.

Starmer has already had to scale back some of Labour’s more ambitious plans, such as its flagship green spending pledges, while he has promised not to raise taxes for “working people.” “I don’t promise you it will be easy,” Starmer said.

“Changing a country is not like flicking a switch. It’s hard work. Patient, determined work, and we will have to get moving immediately.”

Rise of Reform UK

Much of the heavy damage to Conservative support was inflicted by the right-wing populist Reform UK party, headed by Brexit campaigner Nigel Farage, who campaigned strongly on curbing immigration.

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Starmer has promised to scrap the Conservatives’ controversial policy of sending asylum seekers to Rwanda, but with migration a key electoral issue, he will be under pressure to find a solution to stopping tens of thousands of people arriving across the Channel from France on small boats.

Within the Conservative Party, recriminations and debate over its future direction began immediately. Some argue the failure stemmed from abandoning the centre ground, while others claim Reform won over voters who felt the party had deserted its roots.

Reform’s Impact

Reform has captured four seats, with Farage himself finally being elected to parliament on his eighth attempt, and won more votes than the Conservatives across swathes of the country.

“There is a massive gap on the centre-right of British politics, and my job is to fill it, and that’s exactly what I’m going to do,” a triumphant Farage said. “Believe me, folks, this is just the first step of something that is going to stun all of you.”

The growth in support for a populist alternative echoed recent similar results in Europe, where the far right has been surging. However, unlike France, where Marine Le Pen’s National Rally party made historic gains in an election last Sunday, the British public overall has opted for a centre-left party to bring about change.

International Relations

Starmer has promised to improve relations with the European Union to resolve issues created by Brexit, but rejoining the EU is not on the table. He may also have to work with Donald Trump if he wins November’s presidential election.

Trump has already sent his congratulations to his friend and supporter Farage via his social media platform, Truth Social.

While Starmer has promised to bring change domestically, he has vowed to continue London’s unequivocal support for Ukraine in its war against Russia. On many foreign issues, his policies are similar to Sunak’s.

Turnaround for Labour

The election victory represents an incredible turnaround for Starmer and Labour, which critics and supporters said was facing an existential crisis just three years ago after its 2019 drubbing.

A series of Conservative scandals, most notably revelations of parties in Downing Street during COVID lockdowns, undermined then-prime minister Boris Johnson and eroded commanding poll leads.

Liz Truss’ disastrous six-week premiership, following Johnson’s forced departure at the end of 2022, cemented the decline. Sunak was unable to dent Labour’s commanding poll lead.

Sunak stunned Westminster and many in his own party by calling the election earlier than necessary in May, with the Conservatives trailing Labour by some 20 points in opinion polls. His campaign then proved disastrous.

“We deserved to lose. The Conservative Party just appears exhausted and out of ideas,” said Ed Costello, chairman of the Grassroots Conservatives organisation, which represents rank-and-file members. “But it is not all Rishi Sunak’s fault. It is Boris Johnson and Liz Truss that have led the party to disaster. Rishi Sunak is just the fall guy.”

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