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Ghana’s central bank raises interest rate to 30% after inflation hits 54.1% in June

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Ghana’s central bank has raised its main interest rate by 50 basis points to 30.0 percent, it said on Monday, after inflation rose for two consecutive months.

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The cocoa-, gold- and oil-producing West African nation is grappling with its worst economic crisis in a generation.

Ghana’s consumer inflation edged up in June and May, after slowing for four months in a row from a more than two-decade high of 54.1 percent year on year in December.

It has secured a $3 billion support package from the International Monetary Fund conditional on debt restructuring.

Central bank governor Ernest Addison said on Monday that the latest interest rate increase was needed to prevent a disinflation trend from being blown off course.

Consumer inflation edged up in May and June, after slowing for four months in a row from a more than two-decade high of 54.1% year on year in December.

“You will continue to see policy tightening until we get inflation where we want it to be,” Addison told a news conference.

“But we also cannot look at it in isolation, because monetary policy alone cannot deliver that low inflation. We expect that, you know, the fiscal side of the work would also have to come in, … not to have these persistent increases in the policy rate.”

The median forecast in a Reuters poll of economists published last week was for the Bank of Ghana to keep rates unchanged, but forecasts were widely spread.

The central bank has been raising rates since late 2021, although it has paused at some meetings during its hiking cycle.

Addison’s comments on the need for fiscal tightening come as Finance Minister Ken Ofori-Atta prepares to present his mid-term budget review in parliament on Tuesday.

The governor said the central bank would in coming months closely monitor inflation data and respond as needed.

He said he was not sure that Ghana’s government had formally engaged with its bilateral creditors yet on debt restructuring.

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